Fruit just tastes better when you grow it yourself. The same goes for all vegetables and meat we grow on our farms.You can taste the freshness and quality, and that personal, hands-on effort to produce it makes it taste even better.
That is why farm work in Victoria is one of life’s best, most noble pursuits. Nothing beats the grocery store you grow in your own backyard and pastures.If you want to grow healthy, high-yielding fruit trees, consider the steps below before you start.
Check Climate Type
Wherever you plant all over the world, climate matters greatly, especially when growing fruit. Climate considerations like the amount of rainfall and year-round temperature pretty much dictate the kinds of fruit you can grow in your backyard.
Refer to a climate map to learn your climate zone and its designation. Horticulturists use these zone labels to let planters know which fruit is ideally suited to particular climate regions.
Planting a particular fruit tree that is not recommended for the specific climate is inviting disaster. Either the tree will not survive at all, or it will be anemic and produce poor fruit or no fruit at all.
Test Soil Type
Certain fruit trees and plants do best in certain soil types. If you do not know for sure what type of soil you are about to plant in, have it tested. Normally, some branch of the Department of Agriculture can come out and test it for you.
Depending upon where you live, there may or may not be a fee for this service. Fee or not, it is worth the price to have it done.
Otherwise, you risk wasting money and work if you plant a fruit tree in soil for which it is not suited. Here is a fairly comprehensive chart of soil types and fruit types best suited for them,
Research Best Fruit Trees for Your Climate and Soil
Your local farmer’s supply should have all the information on this topic you need. The key here is to get off to a good start with the basics of climate, soil and fruit type that grows best in your soil type and climate zone.
If you start by carefully matching climate, soil and type of fruit best suited for that soil and climate, you have eliminated three mistakes those new to farming make. Now, the central issues are proper planting and care to produce the best fruit quality and quantity.
Research Fertilizers for Specific Trees
What does every living thing on the planet need to grow and thrive? You guessed correctly if you said ‘food’. Fertilizer is fruit tree food. Without food, what happens? We die. It is the same with fruit trees. They must be fed.
Not only must they be fed, they must be fed correctly. Different fruits require different nutrients in different quantities and on different feeding schedules.
Be careful to research the optimum fertilizers, quantities and how often your particular fruit tree needs feeding. Too much can burn them up; too little can starve and dwarf them. They then cannot produce.
Lay Out Planting Area
Fruit trees need room to grow without being crowded. Even fruit plants like blueberries need space between them. Keep in mind the plants will spread, and the trees grow and branch out.
Refer to the planting guide that usually accompanies the tree or plant about how much room each needs.
Choose an open area with all-day sun exposure. Fruit trees and plants thrive best in full sun. Do not plant near older, larger trees. They cast shadows and drain nutrients away from the newly planted trees.
Plant at the Right Time
Different kinds of fruit trees grow and produce better if you plant them at the most favorable time of the year for that particular tree.
Planting at the right time of the year gives the trees the best chance to get established and survive colder, wetter seasons and less sunlight. Check the planter’s guide for the tree you plan to grow.
12 Tree Planting Tips
• The day before you plant your fruit tree, wet the ground thoroughly. This will give the tree a moist environment and the roots will not dry too quickly.
• Keep the trees in the wrap or packaging you bought them in until your hole is dug, and you are ready to plant it. Plant it immediately upon removing it from its packaging.
• Allowing the trees to sit unwrapped for an extended time endangers root life. The root system is a vital part of the nutrition system of the tree.
• Unwrap the tree and set it in a container of water for a couple of hours before planting it.
• Create a small mound in the middle of the hole you dig for the tree and set the tree on that mound when you plant it. This gives the root system room to develop properly.
• Set the tree in the middle of the hole you dug for it and on the small mound you made for it.
• Take the time to separate and spread the roots. This helps them to establish quickly.
• Hold the tree in place as you gently pull the removed soil back into the hole and around the tree trunk.
• Grasp the tree at its base and lift it slightly up and down a couple of times to settle the roots and the soil.
• Hold a level to check straightness adjusting it until the bubble is in the middle of the glass.
• Use your feet and gently press the soil into its permanent position being careful not to pull the tree off center or level.
• Water the tree and lay mulch around the entire refilled hole you dug for the tree.
Planting your own fruit trees and berry bushes can bring years of enjoyment not to mention the healthy snacks at the best possible price, free. Well, okay, not totally free. There is some labor involved, but it is well worth the time and effort you put in. Why not start your backyard fruit supply soon?